Plants & Animals News
March 22, 2019

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March 22, 2019

Natural Plant Defense Genes Provide Clues to Safener Protection in Grain Sorghum

Mar. 21, 2019 — Weeds often emerge at the same time as vulnerable crop seedlings and sneak between plants as crops grow. How do farmers kill them without harming the crops themselves? In a new study, researchers ... read more

Plant Scraps Are the Key Ingredient in Cheap, Sustainable Jet Fuel

Mar. 21, 2019 — Scientists have developed a process for converting plant waste from agriculture and timber harvesting into high-density aviation fuel. Their research may help reduce CO2 emissions from airplanes and ... read more

Pathogenic, Drug-Resistant Bacteria Found in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Mar. 21, 2019 — Infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are a global public health threat causing serious illness and even death. In a new study, researchers conducted a survey of 20 municipal wastewater plants ... read more

Mar. 21, 2019 — Researchers have discovered how antibiotic-resistant bacteria construct their defense system -- a finding that could lead to new treatments for currently untreatable ... read more

Prenatal Allergies Prompt Sexual Changes in Offspring

Mar. 21, 2019 — A single allergic reaction during pregnancy prompts sexual-development changes in the brains of offspring that last a lifetime, new research suggests. Female rats born to mothers exposed to an ... read more

Using More-Specific 'Genetic Scissors' May Avoid Problems Associated With Gene Editing

Mar. 21, 2019 — A new study suggests that there could be a way to bypass barriers to making CRISPR gene-editing treatments a viable option. Researchers found that using more-precise gene-editing technology that ... read more

Study Finds Cells Maintain a Complete Molecular 'Memory' of Their Embryonic Origins

Mar. 21, 2019 — In research that casts cells as curators of their own history, scientists have discovered that adult tissues retain a memory, inscribed on their DNA, of the embryonic cells from which they arose. The ... read more

Mar. 21, 2019 — Protecting houses against mosquitoes with netting window screens can suppress malaria vector populations and dramatically reduce human parasite infection prevalence, according to new ... read more

Getting Help With the Kids Slows Down Ageing in Female Birds

Mar. 21, 2019 — Seychelles warblers live and breed in family groups on the tiny island of Cousin. In each group, a dominant female and male reproduce. When helpers assist the with incubation and feeding of chicks, ... read more

Alpine Tundra Releases Long-Frozen CO2 to the Atmosphere, Exacerbating Climate Warming

Mar. 21, 2019 — Thawing permafrost in high-altitude mountain ecosystems may be a stealthy, underexplored contributor to atmospheric carbon dioxide ... read more

Cryptosporidium Parasite Detected in Minnesota Groundwater

Mar. 21, 2019 — When consumed in contaminated water, the microscopic parasite Cryptosporidium can cause symptoms of stomach cramps, diarrhea and fever. Now, researchers have detected evidence of the parasite in ... read more

Key to Greater Efficacy in Cancer Treatment

Mar. 21, 2019 — Researchers reveal that the number of mitochondria in a cell is, in great part, associated with how the cancer responds to drug ... read more

Hidden Proteins Found in Bacteria

Mar. 20, 2019 — Scientists have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene -- known as a translation start site or a start codon -- in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and, through this ... read more

Research Paves Way for New Source for Leukemia Drug

Mar. 20, 2019 — Chemistry researchers have patented a method for making anti-leukemia compounds that until now have only been available via an Asian tree that produces ... read more

Mar. 20, 2019 — An interdisciplinary team of scientists has identified a new mobile DNA element in the Wolbachia parasite, which may contribute to improved control strategies for mosquito vectors of diseases such as ... read more

Predicted Deforestation in Brazil Could Lead to Local Temperature Increase Up to 1.45°C

Mar. 20, 2019 — A new model quantifies how forest change affects local surface temperatures by altering sunlight-reflection and evapotranspiration properties, and predicts that Brazilian deforestation could result ... read more

Mar. 20, 2019 — A new species of Surazomus, which belongs to the class Arachnida and the order Schizomida, has been discovered in the eastern Amazon, according to a new ... read more

Gene Variant Associated With Cellular Aging

Mar. 20, 2019 — It is well known that psychiatric stress is associated with accelerated aging. Now, a new study shows that a gene mutation interacts with multiple types of psychiatric stress including post-traumatic ... read more

A Mating War in Diving Beetles Has Stopped the Evolution of Species

Mar. 20, 2019 — In nature, males eager attempts to mate with females can be so extreme that they will harm females. Such negative impact of mating interactions has been suggested to promote the emergence of new ... read more

Chromatin Changes Rapidly in Response to Low Oxygen

Mar. 20, 2019 — A study reveals new insights into how cells respond to oxygen deprivation. The researchers found that chromatin, the complex of DNA and proteins where all genes reside, quickly changes in response to ... read more

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