Neuroscience News
January 18, 2019

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updated 12:21pm EST

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January 18, 2019

New Findings Reveal Surprising Role of the Cerebellum in Reward and Social Behaviors

Jan. 17, 2019 — A study in rodents found that the brain's cerebellum -- known to play a role in motor coordination -- also helps control the brain's reward circuitry. Researchers found a direct neural ... read more

Brain Cells That Make Pain Unpleasant

Jan. 17, 2019 — If you step on a tack, neurons in your brain will register two things: that there's a piercing physical sensation in your foot, and that it's not pleasant. Now, a team of scientists has ... read more

Epigenetics Contribute to Male and Female Differences in Fear Memory

Jan. 17, 2019 — In a mouse model of traumatic memory, male mice recall fear-related memories better than female mice, according to a new ... read more

When Activated, 'Social' Brain Circuits Inhibit Feeding Behavior in Mice

Jan. 16, 2019 — Feeding behavior and social stimulation activate intermingled but distinct brain circuits, and activating one circuit can inhibit the other, according to a new ... read more

Schizophrenia Can Be Caused by Structural Abnormality in Adolescent Brain Associated With Genetic Risk

Jan. 16, 2019 — Schizophrenia could be caused by a genetic mutation that causes a structural abnormality in the brain during adolescence. Therefore testing for the gene SLC39A8, and brain scans for schizophrenia ... read more

Pushing the Boundaries of 3D Microscopy

Jan. 16, 2019 — Two newly developed methods will help researchers to study the 3D structure of complex surfaces and of individual neurons better than ever before. Technologists report new imaging protocols that will ... read more

Fighting the Crave for Fattening Food? Just Surround Yourself in Its Scent

Jan. 16, 2019 — A new study proves one sense can compensate ... read more

Neurofeedback Helps to Control Learning Success

Jan. 16, 2019 — Those who regulate their brain rhythm themselves can release capacities to learn new ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — A study finds a surprising response to cocaine in a novel strain of mutant mice -- they failed to show hyperactivity seen in normal mice when given cocaine and didn't run around. In other tests, ... read more

Differences Among Brain Neurons That Coincide With Psychiatric Conditions

Jan. 16, 2019 — Scientists have found about 13,000 regions of epigenetic differences between neurons in different brain regions that vary by at least 10 percent. The location of those epigenetic changes -- covering ... read more

Alterations in Hippocampal Structural Connections Differentiate Between Responders of ECT

Jan. 16, 2019 — A new study in people with major depression reports that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) induces changes in the fibers connecting the hippocampus to brain regions involved in mood and ... read more

Difficulties With Audiovisual Processing Contributes to Dyslexia in Children

Jan. 15, 2019 — A neuroimaging study could help develop tests for early identification of ... read more

Jan. 15, 2019 — New research has revealed that the protein TDP-43 regulates a gene called Stathmin2 (STMN2). STMN2 shows promise as a therapeutic target and could be the first biomarker ALS, which is extremely ... read more

A New Way by Which the Human Brain Marks Time

Jan. 15, 2019 — With a little help from HBO's 'Curb Your Enthusiasm,' neurobiologists have uncovered a key component of how the human brain marks ... read more

Nerve Cells Made from Skin Cells Are a Valid Lab Model for Studying Disease

Jan. 15, 2019 — Researchers have shown that cells from mice that have been induced to grow into nerve cells using a previously published method have molecular signatures matching neurons that developed naturally in ... read more

Defective Glial Cells Can Push Neurons Toward Parkinson's Disease

Jan. 15, 2019 — A team of scientists have discovered that astrocytes are linked to the buildup of a toxic protein that is one the hallmarks of Parkinson's disease. The work suggests an important role for glial ... read more

Jan. 15, 2019 — Researchers have discovered that a drug currently being developed to treat stroke patients could also prevent Alzheimer's disease. The study shows that the genetically engineered protein ... read more

Jan. 14, 2019 — At a time when several states are moving to legalize recreational use of marijuana, new research shows that concerns about the drug's impact on teens may be warranted. The study shows that even ... read more

Jan. 14, 2019 — Researchers have identified cells in the brains of male rats that appear to control future food intake by preserving memories of past meals. The study lends support to the idea of boosting meal ... read more

Diving Deeper Into Developmental Dyslexia

Jan. 14, 2019 — Men with dyslexia have altered structural connections between the thalamus and auditory cortex on the left side of the brain, new research reveals. The study extends similar observations of the ... read more

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