Matter & Energy News
January 18, 2019

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January 18, 2019

Jan. 17, 2019 — When molecules interact with the oscillating field of a laser, an instantaneous, time-dependent dipole is induced. This very general effect underlies diverse physical phenomena. Now scientists report ... read more

Jan. 17, 2019 — In biology, folded proteins are responsible for most advanced functions. These complex proteins are the result of evolution or design by scientists. Now scientists have discovered a new class of ... read more

Jan. 17, 2019 — Engineers have been taking a novel approach to the development of engineering components produced using additive ... read more

Jan. 17, 2019 — Scientists have developed a biological system which lets cells form a desired shape by molding their surrounding material -- in the first instance creating a self-curving cornea. The astonishing ... read more

Jan. 17, 2019 — Researchers discovered that the distance between dislocations in nanolayer interfaces of pearlite can determine how much the material can stretch or contract without breaking (ductility). The ... read more

New Light Shed on Intensely Studied Material

Jan. 17, 2019 — The organic polymer PEDOT is probably one of the world's most intensely studied materials. Despite this, researchers have now demonstrated that the material functions in a completely different ... read more

Jan. 17, 2019 — A recent study has introduced a novel targeted drug delivery system in the fight against ... read more

Researchers Create 'Shortcut' to Terpene Biosynthesis in E. Coli

Jan. 16, 2019 — Researchers have developed an artificial enzymatic pathway for synthesizing isoprenoids, or terpenes, in E.coli. This shorter, more efficient, cost-effective and customizable pathway transforms E. ... read more

Molecules 'Spin Flip' from Magnetic to Non-Magnetic Forms Dynamically

Jan. 16, 2019 — Solar cells, quantum computing and photodynamic cancer therapy. These all involve molecules switching between magnetic and nonmagnetic forms. Previously this process, called a "spin flip," ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — Researchers have succeeded in directly measuring three key parameters necessary for skeleton formation in a live tropical coral. This way, they completely characterized the carbonate chemistry at the ... read more

Wearable Sensor Can Detect Hidden Anxiety, Depression in Young Children

Jan. 16, 2019 — Anxiety and depression in young children are hard to detect and often go untreated, potentially leading to anxiety disorders and increased risk of suicide and drug abuse later. In a new study, ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — Engineers present a novel, 'ambidextrous' approach to grasping a diverse range of object shapes without ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — Research shows that drones can be more effective and safer in crash mapping of vehicular highway accidents than conventional methods. Drones using new imaging technology allows highway safety ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — Army researchers are exploring the benefits of immersive technology for warfighters. They have developed a platform to assess this technology called ... read more

Fiery Sighting: A New Physics of Eruptions That Damage Fusion Experiments

Jan. 16, 2019 — Sudden bursts of heat that can damage the inner walls of tokamak fusion experiments are a hurdle that operators of the facilities must overcome. Such bursts, called 'edge localized modes ... read more

Welding Process for Manufacturing Industries

Jan. 16, 2019 — New research will optimize the welding, additive and manufacturing ... read more

Pushing the Boundaries of 3D Microscopy

Jan. 16, 2019 — Two newly developed methods will help researchers to study the 3D structure of complex surfaces and of individual neurons better than ever before. Technologists report new imaging protocols that will ... read more

Ammonia by Phosphorus Catalysis

Jan. 16, 2019 — More than 100 years after the introduction of the Haber-Bosch process, scientists continue to search for alternative ammonia production routes that are less energy demanding. Scientists have now ... read more

Jan. 16, 2019 — A new, more sensitive method to measure ultrasound may revolutionize everything from medical devices to unmanned vehicles. Researchers have combined modern nanofabrication and nanophotonics ... read more

Jan. 15, 2019 — A new wave of semiconductors that can be painted on is on the horizon. It bears the promise of revolutionizing lighting all over again and of transforming solar energy. Ornate quantum particle ... read more

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