Nervous System News
March 21, 2019

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March 21, 2019

Mar. 13, 2019 — An international team has created a new way to classify neurons in the mouse brain. The approach is revealing new brain cell subtypes even while bringing the BRAIN Initiative closer to its goal of ... read more

Parkinson's Treatment Delivers a Power-Up to Brain Cell 'Batteries'

Mar. 13, 2019 — Scientists have gained clues into how a Parkinson's disease treatment, called deep brain stimulation, helps tackle ... read more

Iron Measurements With MRI Reveal Stroke's Impact on Brain

Mar. 12, 2019 — A simple MRI method that measures iron content can provide a more comprehensive picture of the consequences of stroke-related damage to the brain, according to a new study. Researchers said the ... read more

Mar. 7, 2019 — One of the most important protein signaling systems that controls neuronal guidance consists of the cell surface receptor 'Robo' and its cognate external guidance cue 'Slit.' The ... read more

Mar. 7, 2019 — A new study using multiple imaging modalities shows that learning scientific information results in changes in the actual structure of memory-related areas of the brain, changes due to the encoding ... read more

Mar. 7, 2019 — Scientists improved the initial steps of a standard protocol and produced organoids displaying regionalized brain structures, including retinal pigmented ... read more

Scientists Identify Gene Partnerships That Promote Spinal Cord Regeneration

Mar. 6, 2019 — Scientists have identified gene 'partners' in the axolotl salamander that, when activated, allow the neural tube and associated nerve fibers to functionally regenerate after severe spinal ... read more

Brain's Ability to Synchronize Voice Sounds Could Be Related to Language Learning

Mar. 4, 2019 — Researchers studied the synchronization of speech motor rhythms. Results show some people's brains adapt spontaneously to align with the rhythm of the voices they hear, while others do not. ... read more

Young People at Risk of Addiction Have Differences in Key Brain Region

Mar. 4, 2019 — Young adults at risk of developing problems with addiction show key differences in an important region of the brain, according to a new ... read more

Discovery of the Genetic 'Conductor' of Brain Stem Cells

Mar. 4, 2019 — Our brain comprises 85 billion nerve cells and just as many so-called glial cells. But what decides when and how many of them become neurons or glial cells? A new study has shown how the Foxg1 gene ... read more

Sensory Stimuli Improves Brain Damage in Mouse Models of Preterm Birth

Mar. 4, 2019 — A research conducted by the INc-UAB shows that the same perinatal brain injury caused by hypoxia and ischemia have differentiated effects on each gender, but can be improved through tactile and ... read more

Sleep Apnea May Be Linked to Higher Levels of Alzheimer's Biomarker in Brain

Mar. 3, 2019 — People who are witnessed by a bed partner to have stopped breathing during sleep may have higher accumulations of an Alzheimer's disease biomarker called tau in an area of the brain that helps ... read more

Clues to Brain Differences Between Males and Females

Mar. 1, 2019 — Researchers have discovered a mechanism for how androgens -- male sex steroids -- sculpt brain development. The research could ultimately help researchers understand behavioral development ... read more

Smoking and Alcohol: Double Trouble for the Brain?

Feb. 27, 2019 — Along with many other harmful health consequences, smoking tobacco causes chemical changes, oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. Excessive alcohol use can have similar effects. ... read more

How Nerve Fibers Enter Spinal Cord During Early Development

Feb. 27, 2019 — New research could lead to regenerative therapies for people with injuries to their brachial plexus, a group of nerves that starts at the spinal cord and goes into the ... read more

Feb. 27, 2019 — Serious diseases are directly linked to the subcortical areas of the brain. Existing treatments for regulating and measuring the activity of the subcortical areas are highly invasive. Researchers ... read more

New Insight on How the Nose Adapts to Smells

Feb. 26, 2019 — Our noses may be able to adapt themselves to tell the brain, as efficiently as possible, about the most typical smells in our environment, suggests new ... read more

'Silent-Type' Cells Play Greater Role in Brain Behavior Than Previously Thought

Feb. 26, 2019 — Brain cells recorded as among the least electrically active during a specific task may be the most important to doing it ... read more

Feb. 25, 2019 — A powerful neuroscience tool is available to investigate brain development, mechanisms of memory and learning, and brain dysregulation in neuropsychiatric diseases like addiction, depression, ... read more

Feb. 25, 2019 — Neuroscientists have used CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology to regulate genes in the rat brain. This technique paves the way for researchers to probe genetic influences on brain health and ... read more

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