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Medical Topics News
June 17, 2019

Top Headlines
 

A new study finds that antibodies that exist in the joints before the onset of rheumatoid arthritis can cause pain even in the absence of arthritis. Researchers believe that ... read more
Scientists have recreated a critical brain component, the blood-brain barrier, that functioned as it would in the individual who provided the cells to make it. Their ... read more
A new study furthers our knowledge of viruses -- in the sea and on land -- and their potential to cause life-threatening illnesses. The findings, which examine ... read more

Recreating Embryonic Conditions at Break Sites Can Help Bones Heal Faster

Researchers have developed a unique technique that uses stem cells and flexible implantable bone-stabilizing plates to help speed the healing of large breaks or ... read more
Latest Headlines
updated 1:17pm EDT

Earlier Headlines
 

Immune System Can Slow Degenerative Eye Disease

A new study shows that the complement system, part of the innate immune system, plays a protective role to slow retinal degeneration in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited eye ... read more

Developmental Disorders: Discovery of New Mutations

In the largest study to date on developmental delay, researchers analyzed genomic data from over 31,000 parent-child trios and found more than 45,000 de novo mutations, and 40 novel genes. This will ... read more

Scientists Develop 'Mini-Brain' Model of Human Prion Disease

Scientists have used human skin cells to create what they believe is the first cerebral organoid system, or 'mini-brain,' for studying sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). CJD is a ... read more

Taking the 'Killer' out of Natural Killer Cells

The virus responsible for chickenpox and shingles employs a powerful strategy of immune evasion, inhibiting the ability of natural killer cells to destroy infected cells and produce molecules that ... read more

Special Fibroblasts Help Pancreatic Cancer Cells Evade Immune Detection

A subpopulation of fibroblasts called apCAFs can interact with the immune system to help pancreatic cancer cells avoid detection. Understanding how they work can be key in developing therapeutics for ... read more

Enhanced Human Blood-Brain Barrier Chip Performs in Vivo-Like Drug and Antibody Transport

A team has leveraged its microfluidic Organs-on-Chips technology in combination with a developmentally-inspired hypoxia-mimicking approach to differentiate human pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into ... read more

New Imaging Modality Targets Cholesterol in Arterial Plaque

Researchers demonstrate a new imaging modality that successfully identifies the presence of cholesterol in the arterial ... read more

Genetic Inequity Towards Endocrine Disruptors

Phthalates are used by industry in plastic products. Their toxic effect on the endocrine system is worrying. Indeed, the exposure of male fetuses to phthalates can have devastating consequences for ... read more

Lowering Cholesterol Is Not Enough to Reduce Hyperactivity of the Immune System

Despite treatment with statins, many patients with elevated cholesterol levels will still develop cardiovascular disease. It is apparent that not only cholesterol but also the immune system plays an ... read more

Increase in Resolution, Scale Takes CT Scanning and Diagnosis to the Next Level

Researchers have developed a new, 3D tissue imaging technique, called X-ray histotomography. The technique allows researchers to study the details of cells in a zebrafish tissue sample without having ... read more

Adjuvant That Prevents Vaccine-Enhanced Respiratory Disease in RSV Identified

A unique adjuvant, a substance that enhances the body's immune response to toxins and foreign matter, can prevent vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease, a sickness that has posed a major hurdle ... read more

Superfast Gene Sequencing Helps Diagnose Critically Ill Patients

In an analysis of the real-world impact of a pioneering test called metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS), developed by scientists to diagnose patients with mysterious inflammatory ... read more

First Blood-Brain Barrier Chip Using Stem Cells

Researchers have, for the first time, duplicated a patient's blood-brain barrier (BBB), creating a human BBB chip with stem cells, which can be used to develop personalized medicine and new ... read more

Promising Treatment for Shoulder Pain in Wheelchair Users With Spinal Cord Injury

Researchers have reported the first case of successful, long-term relief of chronic refractory shoulder pain in a wheelchair user with spinal cord injury following a single injection of autologous, ... read more

Genetics Play Strong Role in Determining Age of Menopause and Overall Longevity

If you're wondering why you entered menopause earlier or later than other women, blame your mother. That's because numerous studies have confirmed the role of genetics in determining a ... read more

Vitamin D and Estradiol Help Guard Against Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes

Vitamin D and estrogen have already shown well-documented results in improving bone health in women. A new study suggests that this same combination could help prevent metabolic syndrome, a ... read more

Genetic Marker Linked to Increased Risk of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

This is the first real effort to have a genome wide search for genes predisposing to diabetic peripheral ... read more

How Can Governments Fight Antimicrobial Resistance With Policy?

Governments have a wide variety of policy options at their disposal to respond to the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance, but many of these approaches have not been rigorously evaluated, ... read more

Genetics Influence How Protective Childhood Vaccines Are for Individual Infants

A genome-wide search in thousands of children in the UK and Netherlands has revealed genetic variants associated with differing levels of protective antibodies produced after routine childhood ... read more

Early Life Stress Plus Overexpressed FKBP5 Protein Increases Anxiety Behavior

A new preclinical study finds that anxiety-like behavior increases when early life adversity combines with high levels of FKBP5 -- a protein capable of modifying hormonal stress response. Moreover, ... read more

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