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Infectious Diseases News
February 22, 2019

Latest Headlines
updated 7:45am EST

More Infectious Diseases News
February 22, 2019

Online Support for GPs Reduces Unnecessary Antibiotic Prescriptions

Feb. 12, 2019 — New research shows that electronically-delivered prescribing feedback and online decision support for GPs reduces unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory ... read more

Investing in Antibiotics Critical to Saving Lives During Pandemic Influenza Outbreaks

Feb. 12, 2019 — Researchers have developed a mathematical framework to estimate the value of investing in developing and conserving an antibiotic to mitigate the burden of bacterial infections caused by resistant ... read more

Tracking HIV's Ever-Evolving Genome in Effort to Prioritize Public Health Resources

Feb. 11, 2019 — Using HIV genetic data, researchers discovered that transgender women in Los Angeles are at higher risk of being in an HIV transmission network than men who have sex with men. In addition, cisgender ... read more

Dengue Virus Infection May Cause Severe Outcomes Following Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy

Feb. 8, 2019 — Prior Dengue virus infection may cause severe outcomes following Zika virus infection during pregnancy, a new study shows. The research points to a possible mechanism for the enhancement of Zika ... read more

Feb. 8, 2019 — A team has discovered two genes that make some strains of harmful Staphyloccocus bacteria resistant to treatment by copper, a potent and frequently used antibacterial agent. The discovery shows that ... read more

Finding Clues to a Functional HIV Cure

Feb. 7, 2019 — Scientists have identified a measurable indicator that could prove instrumental in the fight against HIV. The research focuses on cofilin, a key protein that regulates cells to mobilize and fight ... read more

Engineered DNA Vaccine Protects Against Emerging Mayaro Virus Infection

Feb. 7, 2019 — A novel, synthetic DNA vaccine induces protective immunity against Mayaro virus (MAYV), a mosquito-borne infection endemic to South America, that has the potential to become a global emerging viral ... read more

Viral Communications Hacking Boosts Leishmania Infections

Feb. 7, 2019 — New research has found that a virus infecting the Leishmania parasite spreads by exploiting a mechanism used for cell-to-cell communication, a discovery that could pave the way to new vaccines ... read more

Interaction Between Two Immune Cell Types Could Be Key to Better Dengue Vaccines

Feb. 7, 2019 — A sentinel immune cell in the skin surprises researchers by forming a physical connection with a virus-killing T ... read more

Vitamin D Helps Treat Lethal Drug-Resistant TB

Feb. 6, 2019 — Vitamin D has been found to speed up the clearance of tuberculosis (TB) bacteria from the lungs of people with multi-drug resistant TB, according to a study of 1,850 patients receiving antibiotic ... read more

Feb. 6, 2019 — Researchers have found that blocking retrotransposon activity with a generic HIV/AIDS medication significantly reduces age-related inflammation in old mice and senescent human cells, providing hope ... read more

Antibiotic Development Increased, but Insufficient

Feb. 6, 2019 — While the pipeline of new antibiotics has improved over the past six years, momentum in the development of new infection-fighting agents remains inadequate and could take a significant downturn ... read more

New Treatment for Chlamydia

Feb. 6, 2019 — Researchers have developed a new way to prevent and treat Chlamydia, the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the ... read more

New Anti-CRISPR Proteins Discovered in Soil and Human Gut

Feb. 5, 2019 — Scientists have found four new anti-CRISPR proteins that are distributed across different environments. The new study suggests that some anti-CRISPR proteins are more widespread in nature than ... read more

Better Assessing Bacteria Sensitivity to Antibiotics Could Change How Drugs Are Prescribed

Feb. 5, 2019 — We rely on antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, but the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria forces doctors and patients to contend with shifting treatment plans. Furthermore, current ... read more

A Reservoir of Bacteria: Sink Drains Next to Toilets in Patient Rooms May Harbor Dangerous Organisms

Feb. 5, 2019 — Sinks situated next to patient toilets in hospital rooms may be reservoirs for Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), increasing the risk of dangerous germ transmission, according to new ... read more

HIV-1 Protein Suppresses Immune Response More Broadly Than Thought

Feb. 5, 2019 — Scientists have revealed how a protein produced by HIV-1 plays a broader role in suppressing the immune system's response to infection than previously ... read more

Diversity in the CD4 Receptor Protects Chimpanzees from Infection by AIDS-Like Viruses

Feb. 4, 2019 — Medical researchers have found that the CD4 surface protein, which is used by HIV and SIV as the receptor to enter immune cells, is highly variable among wild chimpanzees. Understanding how these ... read more

Heat Waves, Food Insecurity Due to Climate Change May Weaken Immune Systems

Feb. 4, 2019 — Heat waves can reduce the body's immune response to flu, according to new research. The results have implications for how climate change may affect the future of vaccinations and nutrition. ... read more

The Web Meets Genomics: A DNA Search Engine for Microbes

Feb. 4, 2019 — Microbes are the most common and diverse organisms on the planet. A new search engine, called BIGSI, allows scientists to search public microbial DNA data for specific genes and mutations. This could ... read more

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