HIV and AIDS News
January 20, 2019

Latest Headlines
updated 10:16pm EST

More HIV and AIDS News
January 20, 2019

Combination Therapy Treats Leishmaniasis, HIV Patients

Jan. 17, 2019 — Coinfection with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been observed in at least 35 countries on four continents and requires special case management. Currently, the ... read more

Back to the Future With CD4 Testing: Improving HIV Care in Low And Middle-Income Countries

Jan. 15, 2019 — A practical resource-based public health approach for the rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals living in low- and middle-income countries could save thousands of ... read more

Faulty Immune Receptor Could Be Reason Why Many Face HIV Complications

Jan. 7, 2019 — Scientists have discovered SLAMF7, an immune receptor, has the ability to tone down the body's immune response when activated on certain white blood cells, called 'monocytes.' The ... read more

Prescribed Opioids Raise Risk of Pneumonia in Patients With and Without HIV

Jan. 7, 2019 — Taking prescribed opioids raises the risk of pneumonia in individuals with and without HIV, a new study ... read more

How to Better Reach Men for HIV Testing: A Randomized Trial on Incentives for Self-Testing

Jan. 2, 2019 — Providing pregnant women with HIV self-testing kits to pass along to their male partners can boost the partners' rate of HIV testing and entry into care, according to a new ... read more

Uncovering a Key Mechanism in Assembly of Avian Sarcoma Virus, a Relative of HIV-1

Dec. 18, 2018 — Researchers used NMR to detail how the matrix domain of the Avian Sarcoma Virus Gag protein binds to certain phospholipids. These phospholipids are vital for Gag protein binding to the plasma ... read more

Eliminating the Latent Reservoir of HIV

Dec. 7, 2018 — A new study suggests that a genetic switch that causes latent HIV inside cells to begin to replicate can be manipulated to completely eradicate the virus from the human body. Cells harboring latent ... read more

Infectivity of Different HIV-1 Strains May Depend on Which Cell Receptors They Target

Dec. 6, 2018 — Distinct HIV-1 strains may differ in the nature of the CCR5 molecules to which they bind, affecting which cells they can infect and their ability to enter cells, according to a new study. The ... read more

A Bacterial Protein Is Found to Promote Cancer

Dec. 4, 2018 — Researchers have discovered that DnaK, a protein of the bacterium mycoplasma, interferes with the mycoplasma-infected cell's ability to respond to and repair DNA damage, a known origin of ... read more

Focus on Resistance to HIV Offers Insight Into How to Fight the Virus

Nov. 30, 2018 — Of the 40 million people around the world infected with HIV, less than one per cent have immune systems strong enough to suppress the virus for extended periods of time. These special immune systems ... read more

An Opioid Epidemic May Be Looming in Mexico -- And the US May Be Partly Responsible

Nov. 29, 2018 — Though opioid use in Mexico has been low, national and international factors are converging and a threat of increased drug and addiction rates exists. Many of these factors may have originated in the ... read more

How HIV DNA Is Blocked from Entering the Cell Nucleus

Nov. 29, 2018 — Multiple components of the nuclear pore complex and nuclear import machinery enable a protein called human myxovirus resistance 2 (MX2) to inhibit HIV-1 infection, according to a new ... read more

Ending the HIV Epidemic: Where Does Europe Stand?

Nov. 29, 2018 — From diagnosis of HIV to successful viral suppression: Researchers summarize the progress towards HIV elimination in 52 countries in Europe and Central Asia. The main issues: diagnosing those who are ... read more

HIV in Liver Cells Found to Be Inactive, Narrowing Potential Treatment Targets

Nov. 29, 2018 — In a proof-of-principle study, researchers revealed that certain immune system cells found in the human liver, called liver macrophages, contain only inert HIV and aren't likely to reproduce ... read more

Nov. 29, 2018 — Researchers have discovered that certain derivatives of amodiaquine, a medication typically used to treat malaria, could provide a new therapeutic approach to treating patients infected with Ebola ... read more

Nov. 28, 2018 — Researchers have developed a systematic way to compare the immune responses of humanized mice versus humans. They used this new testing platform to show that a newly developed humanized mouse shares ... read more

Stigma Impairs Cognition in Men Living With HIV

Nov. 27, 2018 — A new study has drawn a direct link between the amount of stigma men with HIV report experiencing and their scores on cognitive tests, measuring abilities such as memory and ... read more

Never-Before-Seen DNA Recombination in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer's Disease

Nov. 23, 2018 — Scientists have identified gene recombination in neurons that produces thousands of new gene variants within Alzheimer's disease brains. The study reveals for the first time how the ... read more

Discovery Could Neutralize West Nile Virus

Nov. 20, 2018 — Researchers have isolated a human monoclonal antibody that can 'neutralize' the West Nile virus and potentially prevent a leading cause of viral encephalitis (brain inflammation) in the ... read more

Majority of HIV Persistence During ART Due to Infected Cell Proliferation

Nov. 16, 2018 — Study confirms biological mechanism responsible for latent HIV reservoirs; suggests strategies for a functional HIV ... read more

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